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On Organ Donation, Indian Parliament informed of this

International   |   Glibs Quick   |   Mar 13, 2020, 15:00 PM

Government of India has enacted the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994 which has been amended in 2011 after the Parliament has passed the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act, 2011. The Act is for the purpose of regulation and removal, storage and transplantation of human organs and tissues for therapeutic purpose and for prevention of commercial dealing in human organs and tissues and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Further, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has notified Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Rules, 2014. The aforesaid Act and Rules provide for the policy regarding organ donation.

Health being a State subject, the States are required to adopt the Act before it may become applicable therein.  The Original Act, i.e. the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994 is applicable in all States and Union Territories (UTs) except State of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana which have their own Act on this subject.

After notification by Government of India, the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act, 2011 has come into force on 10-01-2014 in the States of Goa, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and all UTs. Subsequently the States which have adopted the Amendment Act till date are Rajasthan, Sikkim, Jharkhand, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, Maharashtra, Assam, Manipur, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. Other States have not yet adopted the Amendment Act. 

State/UT wise details of the number of cases of organ donation pending since January 1, 2018, are given below.  The reason for pendency is gap between demand and supply of organs.

S.No

States/ UTs

No. of Cases in Waiting List

 

Andaman Nicobar Island

0

 

Andhra Pradesh

1861

 

Arunachal Pradesh

0

 

Assam

43

 

Bihar

23

 

Chandigarh

1521

 

Chhatisgarh

0

 

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

0

 

Delhi

4543

 

Goa

20

 

Gujarat

318

 

Haryana

164

 

Himachal Pradesh

0

 

Jammu and Kashmir

37

 

Jharkhand

0

 

Karnataka

2550

 

Kerala

2252

 

Ladakh

0

 

Lakshwdeep

0

 

Madhya Pradesh

269

 

Maharashtra

6844

 

Manipur

11

 

Meghalaya

0

 

Mizoram

0

 

Nagaland

0

 

Odisha

55

 

Puducherry

226

 

Punjab

16

 

Rajasthan

231

 

Sikkim

0

 

Tamil Nadu

4661

 

Telangana

2680

 

Tripura

0

 

Uttar Pradesh

2340

 

Uttrakhand

0

 

West Bengal

221

 

Total

30886

 

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

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